International Coffee Organisation (ICO)
The International Coffee Organisation (ICO) is the only inter-governmental organisation dedicated to strengthening cooperation among the global coffee sector. The ICO members represent 97% of worldwide coffee production and 67% of global consumption.
In 2018, ‘Resolution 465’ on the coffee crisis was adopted. This has resulted in an ICO-organized sector dialogue between relevant stakeholders in the sector and the wider international community, as well as the ‘London Declaration’. This Memorandum of Understanding was signed by twelve private sector companies and endorsed by the International Coffee Council.
To implement the two resolutions, the Coffee Public-Private Task Force was established. It currently consists of 18 representatives of the private sector and 16 importing and exporting countries as representatives of the ICO member states. In addition, the Task Force is supported substantively and financially by a large number of international organizations and institutions. In particular, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development supports the work of the Task force through the coffee team of the Initiative for Sustainable Agricultural Supply Chains.
The overall goal of the Task Force is to transform the coffee sector and create a sustainable and prosperous future for coffee producers and the sector as a whole.
On that basis, a roadmap was developed that provides an overview of the agreed commitments and milestones of the task force in terms of time and content. It relates to the period 2020 to 2030.
The roadmap includes five Technical Work Streams (TWs) covering different subject areas and driving the sector-wide dialogue. Each TW has defined goals that governments work on together with organizations and the private business sector.
TW 1: Living-Prosperous Income
- Sector-wide transparency on the income gap
- Methodologies and strategies to close the income gap and towards prosperity developed and implemented
Lead: Sustainable Food Lab
TW 2: Market Transparency
- Sector-wide transparency on a common understanding of the actual costs of production and the relative efficiency of value transmission calculated as differences between farm-gate prices and the FOB prices.
Lead: first Enveritas, now Committee on Sustainability Assessment
*Farm-gate price = the price of the product available at the farm, excluding any separately billed transport or delivery charge; included in FOB price
**FOB price = price buyers pay when the coffee is ready for shipment; includes coffee price, logistics costs, customs duties and export taxes
TW 3: Market Policies and Institutions + Global Funding Mechanism
- Sub-group: Sector Transformation in exporting countries
Lead: UNDP & GCP
- Sub-group: Policy and institutional development Importing countries (in development)
- Sub-group: Global multi-stakeholder funding mechanism(s) (Not active yet)
TW 4: Resilient Coffee Landscapes
- London Declaration operationalized
- Joint vision for the sector, Theory of Change and measurement framework developed
- Gender & Youth inclusion deeply integrated into Task Force and all TWs
TW 5: Sector Coordination + Inclusion of Women and Youth
- Operationalisierung der London Declaration
- Gemeinsame Vision für den Sektor, Entwicklung der Theory of Change und eines Messrahmens
- Inklusion der Geschlechter und Jugend in der Task Force und TWS tief integriert
Leitung: International Coffee Organisation